What's New in Papyrology

Recent publications of papyri & ostraca 4th BC-8th AD; conferences, lectures etc. from Papy-L and other sources as noted. gregg.schwendner AT wichita.edu

Monday, October 13, 2014

Papyri Bononienses

Digitalizzazione completa della collezione di collezione di 58 papiri in lingua greca e latina di età tolemaica, romana e bizantina, acquistata nel 1930 da un antiquario del Cairo e conservati presso la Biblioteca Universitaria dell’Università di Bologna.

LECTURE: K.E. Piquette, New Advanced Digital Imaging of the Herculaneum Papyri: Recent results, future plans.

The Friends of Herculaneum Society is pleased to sponsor a lecture 
by Dr Kathryn E. Piquette, Research Associate, 
Universität of Cologne Centre for eHumanities, 
on Saturday 18 October 2014 at 16.00 in the main lecture theatre at The Ioannou Centre for Classical and Byzantine Studies, 66 St. Giles, Oxford OX13LU. 

 The title of the talk is "New Advanced Digital Imaging of the Herculaneum Papyri: Recent results, future plans." Dr Piquette has been developing a technique known as RTI (Reflectance Transformation Imaging) to assist researchers to study documentary and other artefacts remotely (online) in great detail and without being restricted by the fixed lighting angles of traditional photography and flatbed scanning, where details can be obscured by shadows. In developing the RTI system, it is hoped that high-quality digital images of inscribed artifacts, viewable from multiple light sources, can be consulted by scholars and the general public around the world. The lecture will be followed by a drinks reception. All are welcome but please rsvp if you intend coming to: [log in to unmask] An illustrated pdf with examples of the RTI technique is available here: 

cceh.uni-koeln.de cceh.uni-koeln.de cceh.uni-koeln.de -- 

(For Books about Greece) 
2020 Old Station Rd 
Streetsville, Ontario Canada L5M 2V1

Sunday, October 12, 2014

Un bilancio e un dibattito con Mario CAPASSO, Giovanni GERACI, Alessandro SCHIESARO, Giuseppe ZECCHINI

Corpus dei papiri storici greci e latini
Un bilancio e un dibattito con
Mario CAPASSO, Giovanni GERACI, Alessandro SCHIESARO, Giuseppe ZECCHINI

In occasione della pubblicazione del volume dei frammenti degli Adespota latini del Corpus, a cura di Rodolfo Funari, Pisa-Roma, Fabrizio Serra Editore, 2014, che conclude la parte latina della raccolta.

16 ottobre 2014, ore 16.30
Via Milano, 76 - Roma

M. Reddé, De l'or pour les braves ! Soldes, armées et circulation monétaire dans le monde romain

De l'or pour les braves ! Soldes, armées et circulation monétaire dans le monde romain
Reddé, Michel (éd.)
Collection Scripta antiqua (69)
Bordeaux, 2014 - 288 p.   25 €

Cet ouvrage collectif, issu d’une table ronde organisée à Paris par l’UMR 8210 (AnHiMa), présente une douzaine de communications consacrées à la manière dont étaient payés les soldats de l’armée romaine. Écrites en français ou en anglais par des historiens, des numismates et des papyrologues, elles abordent différents aspects des rémunérations, en espèce ou en nature, accordées au miles : l’administration et le montant de la solde, les prestations en nature, le numéraire utilisé, les gratifications exceptionnelles, la propagande impériale qui s’exprime à travers les émissions et les images monétaires, depuis les guerres civiles de la fin de la République jusqu’au début de l’Antiquité tardive. L’ouvrage fait en même temps le point des connaissances actuelles mais aussi des questions toujours débattues entre spécialistes. Le lecteur y trouvera au passage une riche bibliographie qui associe les réflexions sur les sources historiques, numismatiques et papyrologiques. L’introduction de J. Andreau, et la conclusion, écrite par M. Christol, permettent de replacer cet ensemble de contributions dans l’évolution des recherches actuelles.

This collection of essays, arising from a seminar organized in Paris by UMR 8210 (AnHiMa), presents a dozen papers devoted to the study of the payment of Roman soldiers. Containing papers in French and English by experts from different specialities, historians, numismatists and papyrologists, it examines various aspects of the payment of the troops, both in cash and in kind: the administration and the amount of the salary, payments in kind, coin types used, exceptional rewards, the ways in which imperial propoganda was communicated by means of particular coin issues and their images, all within a temporal range running from the civil wars that brought an end to the Republic up to the beginning of Late Antiquity. The volume gives both a picture of the state of research on these topics and covers a series of questions that are still debated by experts in the field. Readers will also find a rich bibliography covering the historical sources, numismatics and papyrology. The introduction, from the pen of J. Andreau, and the conclusion, by M. Christol, help to contextualize the collection as a whole in relation to current research.

Saturday, September 27, 2014

EES Book Sale

North American Papyrology Seminar, Ann Arbor MI May 15-17, 2015

ZPE 191 (2014)

Antonopoulos, A. P., Two Puzzling Phrases at Soph. Ichn. 179 and 182 (P.Oxy. IX. 1174,
Col. VII. 15 and 18) 
... 36

Arnaoutoglou, I. N., Displaying a Proof of Ownership in Roman Pamphylia ... 185

Avram, A. – Tsetskhladze, G. R., A New Attalid Letter from Pessinus ... 151

Battistoni, F., A New Council from Sicily (Tauromenion) ... 195

Bernard, S. G., Ballast, Mining, and Stone Cargoes in the Lex portorii Asiae ... 182

Bettenworth, A., Sapphos Amme: Ein Beitrag zum neuen Sapphofragment (Brothers Poem) ... 15

Bonanno, M. G., Una congettura al Fragmentum Grenfellianum ... 59

Brockmann, S. – Glintenkamp, J., Neues zu einem Kölner Weihaltar ... 294

Bruce, W., A Rupestral Boundary Marker in the Marble Quarries South of Sardis ... 193

Camodeca, G., La carriera di T. Statilius Severus, cos. ord. 171, in una nuova iscrizione calena ... 285

Clinton, K., Mysteria at Ephesus ... 117

Di Stefano Manzella, I., Il graffi to ante cocturam CIL VI 16621 = IGVR 731: titulus sepulcralis o locatio operis fi gulini? ... 297

Eck, W. – Pangerl, A., Ein Diplom für einen proreta der classis Pannonica, vielleicht aus dem Jahr 98 ... 261

Eck, W. – Pangerl, A., Zwei neue Diplome für die Truppen von Dacia superior und Dacia Porolissensis ... 269

Eck, W. – Pangerl, A. – Weiß, P., Ein drittes Exemplar des Edikts Adrians zugunsten von Prätorianern vom Jahr 119 n. Chr

  Engelmann, H. – Içten, C. – Muss, U., Künstler im Artemision von Ephesos (Alkamenes, Eugnotos, Sopolis)  ... 99

Felle, A. E., Perspectives on the Digital Corpus of the Christian Inscriptions of Rome (Epigraphic Database Bari). Contexts and Texts  ... 302

Fernández-Delgado, J.-A., On the Cologne Sappho Papyrus ...  21

Glintenkamp, J. – Brockmann, S., Neues zu einem Kölner Weihaltar ... 294

Gómez-Pantoja, J. L., Miles Ale F(- - -)  ... 282

Gonis, N., Notes on Miscellaneous Documents IV  ... 198

Gonis, N., Three Documents from Byzantine Oxyrhynchus Revisited  ... 256

Hornblower, S., The Name of the Historian Polybios  ... 82

Içten, C. – Engelmann, H. – Muss, U., Künstler im Artemision von Ephesos (Alkamenes, Eugnotos, Sopolis)  ... 99

Johnston, S. I., Goddesses with Torches in the Getty Hexameters and Alcman fr. 94  ... 32

Keen, P. – Petzl, G., Two ‘Migrating Stones’ with Three Inscriptions  ... 189

Kotyl, M., A List of Culinary Products and an Account on an Early Ptolemaic Ostracon (O.Giss. inv. 109 + 307)  ... 203

Lentini, G., Sappho’s Husband in Sapph. fr. 213A e V. (= P. Oxy. XXIX 2506, fr. 45)?  ... 25

Litinas, N., P.Corn. 34 recto: Just the Weft and Warp, After All!  ... 253

Liverani, P., Prudenzio e l’epigramma absidale di S. Pietro – nuove osservazioni  ... 93

Maravela, A., Women in P.Würzb. 3?  ... 90

Marginesu, G., Compiuto, incompiuto e interrotto nell’edilizia ateniese di età classica: Note epigrafi che  ... 129

Marshall, C. W. – Ripat, P., Enjoying a Slave Woman in P. Oxy. LXXIV 5019  ... 231

Mascellari, R., Nuova edizione di una petizione di epoca traianea: P.Iand. inv. 16 = SB X 10218 (con un’appendice sul termine ἐκδικία)  ... 235

Miller, J., Epigraphical Evidence for Citizenship in Third-Century B.C. Athens  ... 141

van Minnen, P., A Note on P.Amh. II 79  ... 249

van Minnen, Another Copy of P.Mich. XVIII 792  ... 251

Monson, A., Receipts for sitônion, syntaxis, and epistatikon from Karanis: Evidence for Fiscal Reform in Augustan Egypt?  ... 207

Muss, U. – Engelmann, H. – Içten, C., Künstler im Artemision von Ephesos (Alkamenes, Eugnotos, Sopolis)  ... 99

Nünlist, R., Das Schiff soll unversehrt sein, nicht voll! Zu Sapphos neuem Lied über die Brüder  ... 13

Petzl, G. – Keen, P., Two ‘Migrating Stones’ with Three Inscriptions  ... 189

Piccione, R. M., Considerazioni bibliologiche e paleografi che su P.Heid. inv. G 310 e 310a  ... 61

Pirenne-Delforge, V. – Pironti, G., Héra et Zeus à Lesbos: entre poésie lyrique et décret civique  ... 27

Prauscello, L. – Ucciardello, G., Hands and Book-rolls in P.Oxy. 4411: the First Extant Papyrus Witness for Plato’s Critias (P.Oxy. 4411, frr. 88–90+92+94–95)  ... 47

Ripat, P. – Marshall, C. W., Enjoying a Slave Woman in P. Oxy. LXXIV 5019  ... 231

Sánchez Natalías, C., “… ut illam ducas …” Una nueva interpretación de la defi xio contra Salpina  ... 278

Taylor, B., Diogenes of Oinoanda on the Meaning of ‘Pleasure’ (NF 192)  ... 84

Tsetskhladze, G. R. – Avram, A., A New Attalid Letter from Pessinus  ... 151 

West, M. L., Nine Poems of Sappho ... 1

West, St., Notes on P.Oxy. 1802 + 4812 (the Oxyrhynchus Glossary) ... 39

Fowler, R. L., Addendum to ZPE 172, 2010, 55–64 (‘Paul Maas’s Athenaeus’) ... 46

To Publish or Not to Publish

The John Rylands Research Institute Seminar in Papyrology
25 October 2014, Christie Room, The John Rylands Library, 150 Deansgate, Manchester
A brief introduction on the aims of the seminar is available from here: Aims

10:45-11:00 Welcome/Introduction: Roberta Mazza (University of Manchester)
11:00 -11:30 David Gill (University Campus Suffolk): What does ‘provenance’ mean?
11:30-12:00 Neil Brodie (University of Glasgow): The role of academics
12:00-12:30 Stuart Campbell (University of Manchester): Mesopotamian objects in a conflicted world
12:30-13:30 Lunch
Chair: Roslynne Bell (University of Manchester)
13:30-14:00 Roberta Mazza (University of Manchester): Who owns the past? Private and public papyrus collections
14:00-14:30 Chris Naunton (Egypt Exploration Society, London): Association policies: the case of the Egypt Exploration Society
14:30-15:00 Coffee Break
15:00-15:30 Vernon Rapley (V&A Museum, National Museum Security Group, London): ‘Working together.’ Law enforcement and cultural sector, intelligence sharing and cooperation
15:30-16:00 James Ede (Charles Ede Ltd, London): Dealers: trade, traffic and the consequences of demonization
16:00-16:45 The way forward: round table
Discussants include David Trobisch (Director of the Museum of the Bible/Green Collection, Washington DC), Marcel Marée (The British Museum), Nikolaos Gonis (UCL), Campbell Price (Manchester Museum), Nicole Vitellone (University of Liverpool), William Webber (Art Loss Register), Donna Yates (University of Glasgow)

Everybody is welcome!
UPDATE 23 September: Due to unexpected growing interest, I now kindly ask people who wish to attend to confirm it to me via email due to space limitations: roberta.mazza@manchester.ac.uk

Wednesday, September 10, 2014

Gardner, Alcock, Funk, P.Kellis VII

Gardner, I, Alcock, A, Funk, W-P, Coptic Documentary Texts from Kellis 2, (= P. Kell. VII), Oxbow Press: Oxford 2014. (366 pp., 18 plates, CD with supplementary images). ISBN: 9781782976516 | Published by: Oxbow Books | Series: Dakhleh Oasis Project Monograph | Volume: 16 | Year of Publication: 2014 | Language: English 320p, H297 x W210 (mm) b/w illustrations +CD of photographs

This is the second volume on fourth century Coptic documents written on papyri and boards, found in the ruins of houses at Kellis, the Roman predecessor of the village of Ismant el-Kharab in the Dakhleh Oasis. It is concerned with 75 letters and associated household accounts and lists, mostly from House 3. The documents are transcribed and translated with commentary. Together, these two volumes break new ground in providing a unique insight into the social and economic relations of a sectarian group within a late antique village, and the opportunity to study that group’s interaction with other communities. They give voice to ordinary people and provide genuine insights into literacy and the role of women, communications and travel, multilingual society and normative forms of belief and practice.




Letter on a wooden board (with traces of an earlier text in Syriac)
Texts perhaps additional to groups published in Volume 1
Manichaean letters
Letters by Pamour (and Maria)
Letters by Pegosh (brother of Pamour)
Letters from Philammon to Theognostos (Louishai) and Hor
Letters from Theognostos
Letters from and to Ploutogenes
Kyra / Loihat / Timotheos group
Individual and unplaced documents and letters
List of other (not edited) Coptic fragments from House 3


List of other (not edited) Coptic fragments from House 4

List of other (not edited) Coptic fragments from the Temple Enclosure


Native words
Loan words
Greek words in Greek context
Personal names
Geographical and ethnic names
Triadic pronominals (PTN)
Subject index (English language)
Inventory numbers
Note concerning the photographs
P. Kellis addenda and corrigenda

Tuesday, September 02, 2014

Call for Papers: Singles and the Single Life in the Roman and Later Roman World Academia Belgica, Rome, 28–30 June 2015

Call for Papers:
Singles and the Single Life in the Roman and Later Roman World
Academia Belgica, Rome, 28–30 June 2015

Prof. Dr. Christian Laes, University of Antwerp, Free University of Brussels
Prof. Dr. Sabine R. Huebner, Universität Basel, Switzerland
Deadline for proposals: 15 October 2014
Singleness is not only a new and rapidly increasing lifestyle of the present day. It has also become a fashionable field of research in social history. During a series of sessions at the European Social Science History Conference (Glasgow, 2012), questions were raised about the structural and cultural particularities of ‘single life’ in cities. A conference at the University of Antwerp (Singles in the Cities of North-West Europe, c. 1000–2000) in March 2013 further expanded upon the insights from the Glasgow conference.
In this new field of research the silence of ancient historians is striking. This may be partly explained by the lack of demographical data: there are virtually no statistics or censuses to indicate how many men or women were single in the towns and villages of the Roman Empire. But far more problematic is the definition of singleness. In a society which did not yet know the Christian concept of marriage, in an environment where both the contracting of a marriage and divorce were quick and easy, the lines between married and unmarried were somewhat vague. This may explain why there is no proper or much-used Latin or ancient Greek word to denote the status of a bachelor or spinster. We might even raise the question whether singleness for the ancient period could possible be defined as being unmarried. But even without the criterion of marriage, other approaches towards singleness in antiquity are possible.
Since this is the first ever conference on the theme, and with the aim of publishing a volume which will set the course for further research, we are inviting papers from a wide chronological and thematic range, incorporating the methods and questions historians of other periods use, to consider these questions:
(1) The possibility of some demographic insight into singleness and the way it was distributed (widows, unmarried, divorced, orphan).
(2) The difference between the urban and rural environment.
(3) Gendered aspects of the issue.
(4) Social and economic drawbacks or incentives for single persons.
(5) Social networks and the possibility of a subculture of singles.
(6) Juridical consequences of singleness.
(7) Funerary commemoration and representation of singleness.
(8) The impact of Christianity.
Confirmed speakers include (apart from the organizers Laes and Huebner) Anna Boozer (New York), Ville Vuolanto (Tampere/Oslo), Kyle Harper (Oklahoma), Judith Evans Grubbs (Emory), and Hanne Sigismund Nielsen (Calgary).
The conference organizers welcome abstracts of about 300 words on ‘Singles and the Single Life in the Roman and Later Roman World’ based on analysis of literary, documentary, archaeological, and iconographic evidence. Papers should be 20 minutes in length, with 10 minutes of discussion time allowed after each individual paper, and should be read in English. We encourage junior researchers and recent PhD holders to apply as well.
Please submit your abstract by email to Prof. Dr. Christian Laes (christian.laes@uantwerpen.be) or Prof. Dr. Sabine R. Huebner (sabine.huebner@unibas.ch). Please include the full title of your abstract and a short biographical note on your affiliation and previous research. The deadline for proposals is 15 October 2014.

Unravelling the John Rylands papyrus collection: Conference 4-6 September (Manchester)

"Ancient Last Supper charm found in John Rylands Library"


A 1,500-year-old papyrus charm thought to be "the first ever found to refer to the Last Supper and use magic in the Christian context" has been discovered in the vaults of a Manchester library.

The fragment was found at the University of Manchester's John Rylands Library by researcher Dr Roberta Mazza.

Saturday, August 30, 2014

Twelfth International Congress of Demotic Studies 2014

9.15 Uhr
Eröffnung: Martin Stadler, Würzburg

Demotisch entziffern

Moderation: Friedhelm Hoffmann, München

9.30 Uhr
Mark Depauw, Leuven "Demotic and Digital Humanities"
The world of Digital Humanities is in constant flow, with many new (and exciting!) possibilities for scholarship. Demotic can and should not lag behind. This paper presents some of these new avenues, the challenges involved and some first results achieved. Amongst the keywords are: Social Network Analysis, digital edition, transliteration systems (yes...), RDF and Open Access tools in world with Trismegistos identifiers.

10 Uhr
Janet Johnson, Chicago "The CDD is 'done'. Where do we go from here?"
Of course, no dictionary is ever "done". But our original commitment, to provide a supplement to Erichsen's Glossar incorporating vocabulary from texts published between 1955 and 1979, is (more than) complete. What I shall talk about is where the CDD sees itself going in the next few years, a vision based heavily on the discussions with Demotic and IT people at the "Roundtable" held in Chicago following the 2013 Demotic Summer School. I'll provide information about:
1) the current status of each of the letter files and appendices (numbers, months, days of the month; bibliography and abbreviations; text information),
2) some statistics on (current) use of the pdf files
3) the status of font conversion to Unicode font(s), and
4) the NEH application which has been submitted requesting funds to convert the pdfs to a searchable database capable of replicating pages from the pdfs but also capable of incorporating new data and facilitating user-generated searches encouraging in-depth study of Demotic vocabulary and, eventually, texts.
This database will become the basic repository for previously collected material as well as all future data collection. As an on-line project, it will be possible to connect the eCDD with other Demotic, Egyptian, Greek etc., on-line projects and, to the extent and in the manner desirable, interconnect the burgeoning electronic resources. It will also become possible to associate many of the CDD resources (transliterations, translations, photo scans, the entire collection of 1955-79 vocabulary) which are not otherwise available on-line. While providing information about our vision, we also want to open up as wide a discussion as possible with all current and potential users of the CDD in order to understand their desires, visions, and priorities, so it is hoped that a large portion of my presentation will involve discussion among attendees of the Congress.

10.30 Uhr      

11 Uhr
Birgit Jordan, Bad Vilbel "Eigentümlichkeiten der Zahlgestaltung von pMattha Verso"
Der bislang auch als "Codex Hermopolis" oder ähnlich bezeichnete pMattha enthält auf seinem Verso bekanntlich eine Sammlung mathematischer Aufgaben. Die Gestaltung dieser Rückseite weist einige Idiosynkrasien auf, die sich als ungenaue, gar etwas schlampige Schreibungen insbesondere von Zahlen beanstanden lassen (vgl. Lüddeckens/Velte 1976:152). Eine genauere Betrachtung ergibt jedoch, dass sie sparsam gestaltet sind und nur soviel Information liefern, wie zur raschen und eindeutigen Entschlüsselung der Zahlketten nötig ist. die Regel, Zahlen als Brüche zu markieren, sofern sie nicht durch eigene Zeichen geschrieben werden, erscheint eher als Ausnahme: Nur wenn sich aus der Position einer Zahl nicht klar ihre Eigenschaft als "Stammbruch" ergibt, wird sie markiert. Außerdem lässt sich zeigen, dass bei der Schreibung der 5 auch die vertikale Dimension der Schreiblinie zur Vermeidung von Mehrdeutigkeiten eingesetzt wurde. Die bereits vor der Erstedition des mathematischen Textes Aufmerksamkeit erregende Schreibung von "echten Brüchen" in einigen Aufgabentexten wird durch die Unterstreichung des "Zählers" erreicht. Unter diesen Unterstreichungen finden sich manchmal dicke Punkte, für die trotz der Schadhaftigkeit und Seltenheit des Materials eine einheitliche Erklärung möglich ist.

11.30 Uhr
John Tait, London "Dating problems and Demotic paleography"
There are a number of groups of Demotic texts that are currently recognised as posing problems in the study of their palaeography. In particular, difficulties are felt to arise, which hamper attempts to establish their dating on the basis of their hands. Such groups include the various finds of papyri, both documentary and literary, made in the Memphite Necropolis, notably the material that came to light in the course of excavations conducted from 1964, onwards by the Egypt Exploration Society in the North Saqqara area, and particularly within the Sacred Animal Necropolis. The present speaker was for several years able to study a large number of the papyri at first hand. This presentation coniders some of the ways in which attention to details may help in tackling a variety of palaeographical problems, and the relevance of these approaches to other groups of Demotic material.

12-14 Uhr  

Sprache und Textgestaltung

Moderation: Janet Johnson, Chicago

14 Uhr
Leo Depuydt, Norton "On a Few Selected Problems in Demotic Grammar"
At the immediate past five Demotic conferences of Demotic Studies, beginning with the one held in 1999 in Copenhagen and including the one held 12 years ago like the present one in Würzburg, I have reported on investigations into Demotic grammar, on occasion noting how comparatively little attention the grammar of Demotic receives. In 1999, I presented a list of 19 studies published in the preceding decade. In 2011 at Oxford, I updated the list with 24 more items. Since then, the written report of my Oxford paper has kept growing with new material into what is now about ready for publication as a monograph. In terms of organizational principles, this investigation makes an attempt to apply a modus operandi described as follows by F.X. Kugler S.J. in the introduction to his researches on the chronology of ancient Israel, entitled Von Moses bis Paulus (1922), at p. XII:"So schritt denn die Untersuchung...nach oben und unten weiter, doch überall nur da einsetzend, wo wichtige Fragen noch immer ihrer Lösung harrten."

14.30 Uhr
Luigi Prada, Oxford "Divining Grammar: The Contribution of Demotic Divination Handbooks to the Study of some Points of Egyptian Grammar (and Vice Versa)"
Over the past three and a half years, I have compiled a corpus of demotic oneirocritica, inclusive of several unpublished texts (ranging from early to Roman demotic papyri). For scholars of the demotic language, the main interest of dream books has traditionally been their value as a source of rare or unknown lexicon. As this paper will argue, these texts can also help shed light on some wider points of grammar and the use of more common lexical items. All demotic dream books show a highly uniform style, strictly abiding by a series of stylistic rules, which make them a perfect laboratory for the observation of grammar at work. Conversely, once these stylistic rules that distinguish oneirocritica from other divination handbooks are individuated, one can work the other way round, and confidently assign to this genre modest papyrus scraps that preserve even just one of such diagnostic features. This paper will focus on two case studies, where the stylistic conformity of demotic dream books helps clarify wider issues in the understanding of Egyptian (and not only demotic) grammar. One concerns the verb snqy 'to nurse', and the other the well-known euphemistic use of the word xft 'enemy'

15 Uhr

15.30 Uhr
Micah Ross, Hsin Chu "A Case Study in Morphology"
In 1914, Grapow described the potential of word forms with and without an m-prefix to alternate with each other. This interchange appears even in the same text. (In 1960, Fecht extended the phenomena to i-prefixes.) Grapow did not present this interchange of word forms as a diachronic variation. The word mxA.t ("balance-scale") appears in pre-Demotic phases of Egyptian language, from the root xAi ("measure"). In Demotic, the word for balance-scale appears as mxy.t (and its variants), while the forms Ax.t and ixy.t refer to the same word int the restricted usage as a zodiacal sign. In Coptic, the two word forms again coalesce into a single term for balance-scale, mashe (and its variants). These word forms are considered in light of Grapow's assessment of the durability of the m-prefix and Osing's description of Egyptian morphology (1976). The presence of similar phenomena for other roots is considered.

16 Uhr
Lawrence Xu, Auckland "Re-evaluation of speeches in the Inaros cycle"
One of the most impressive aspects of the Inaros cycle is the frequent occurence of speeches or character-texts. These speeches are crucial to the analysis and understanding of the interactions and the developement of relationships between characters, as well as establishing their characterisation in the narratological framework within the texts. Such a narratological approach has been used by Steve Vinson in his analysis of Setne I and mentioned by Friedhelm Hoffmann (Der Kampf um den Panzer des Inaros,1996) in the case of the Inaros cycle. This paper will further develop the narratological significance of speeches in the Inaros cycle by applying Conversation Analysis and Cognitive Linguistics, which will offer a deeper understanding of characterisation within the Inaros corpus. In addition, the analysis will present an insight into the reception and presentation of the key characters. Evidence for the analysis will be drawn predominantly from two stories, Contest for the Breastplate of Inaros and Egyptians and Amazons.

18 Uhr
Grußwort des Präsidenten der Julius-Maximilians-Universität Prof. Dr. Alfred Forchel sowie des Prodekans der Philosophischen Fakultät I Prof. Dr. Thomas Baier

Öffentlicher Festvortrag:

Prof. Dr. Richard Jasnow
"Why We Do Demotic! - The Mysterious Attraction of that 'Most Evil of all Evil Egyptian Scripts'"
anschließend Empfang in der Gemäldegalerie des Martin von Wagner-Museums
Dienstag, 02.09.2014

Verwaltung und Ökonomie Ägyptens in ptolemäisch-römischer Zeit

Moderation: Sandra L. Lippert, Montpellier

9 Uhr        
Gert Baetens, Leuven, "Demotic petitions"
The paper presents the first results of a PhD project on Ptolemaic petitioning practices, funded by the Research Foundation Flanders and supervised by Mark Depauw (K.U. Leuven). In stark contrast to the large number of studies that deal with their Greek counterparts, Demotic petitions have never been the object of thorough examination. This paper wants to remedy this. Starting point will be the evolution of Egyptian petitions to an autonomous genre during the Ptolemaic period. Next its place in the broader social and administrative context of Ptolemaic Egypt will be discussed. Especially important in this respect are possible Egyptian translations of Greek hypomnemata: P. Eleph. Dem. 1 (+ P. Eleph. Gr. 27a), belonging to the archive of the praktor Milon, and col. I-III of the verso of P. BM 10591, recording a petition of the priests of Syene to the strategos Noumenios and advice concerning their request by the legal specialist Totoes.

9.30 Uhr            
Willy Clarysse, Leuven/ Dorothy J. Thompson, Cambridge "New Fragments to P.Count 2"
In a double session Clarysse will present the text of the new columns that he has recently discovered in Paris which extend the Arsinoite tax register already published as P.Count 2 (229 BC). These provide a fuller picture of the range of tax-privileged groups but problems remain with the reading of some of the titles. In a follow-up discussion of the significance of the additional information, Thompson will concentrate on the occupational structure of the population.

10.10 Uhr
Brian Muhs, Chicago "The Institutional Models for Ptolemaic Banks and Granaries"
Bogaert (1982) suggested that the institutional models for Ptolemaic royal banks were Classical Greek public chests or treasuries and private banks. Preisigke (1910), however, observed that Ptolemaic royal banks and granaries employed similar administrative systems. In this paper, I will show that Ptolemaic temple treasuries and granaries also used administrative systems similar to those of royal banks and granaries. Greek accounts and other documents from Ptolemaic royal banks and granaries will be compared with Demotic accounts and documents from an early Ptolemaic temple at Nag' el-Mesheikh, and striking similiarities in operating and documentation procedures will be revealed. It seems unlikely that the Ptolemies remodeled the state and temple granary systems after Classical Greek banks, and therefore I will suggest instead that Ptolemaic royal banks were modeled on traditional Egyptian institutions, such as state and temple treasuries and granaries.

10.40 Uhr

Moderation: Maren Schentuleit, Heidelberg

11 Uhr
Alexander Schütze, Bonn "Eine ökonomische Analyse demotischer Rechtsurkunden"
Demotische Rechtsurkunden enthalten als Produkte wirtschaftlicher Transaktionen eine Fülle von Informationen über die Motivationen der beteiligten wirtschaftlichen Akteure sowie die konkreten juristischen, wirtschaftlichen und sozialen Rahmenbedingungen, unter denen diese Transaktionen zustande kamen. Seit einigen Jahren wird in den Altertumswissenschaften die sogenannte Neue Institutionenökonomik (NIÖ) als ein Instrumentarium rezipiert, um antike Wirtschaft(en) besser verstehen zu können. Die NIÖ fragt u.a. nach den formellen (z. B. geltendes Recht, Verteilung von Verfügungsrechten) sowie informellen Rahmenbedingungen (soziale Normen, Mentalitäten usw.), die wirtschaftliches Handeln determinieren. In diesem Beitrag sollen anhand von Fallbeispielen die Möglichkeiten diskutiert werden, die das Instrumentarium der NIÖ für eine ökonomische Analyse demotischer Rechtsurkunden bietet.

11.30 Uhr                                        
Lorenzo Uggetti, Paris "P.Tor.Botti 34: some considerations on the administration of the temple of Hathor in Ptolemaic Deir el-Medina"
The bilingual archive of Totoes and Tatehathyris, from the 2nd century BC, was discovered in Deir el-Medina by E. Schiaparelli in 1905 and then brought to the Egyptian Museum of Turin. The demotic texts were first published in 1967 by G. Botti in "L'archivio demotico da Deir El-Medineh". He considered one of them, namely P.Tor.Botti 34 A, to be a payment of the debts of a man, after his death, by his three sons.
Many hints point to a new interpretation of this document: the sons, for example, are attorneys of Hathor in Deir el-Medina; allusion is made to some repair works and expenses made by their father for the temple of Hathor; the other party is the group of the presbyteroi of this temple.
Moreover, a new translation of P.Tor.Botti 34 B-C, i.e. the oath concerning the above-mentioned papyrus, found rolled up with it, may help to better understand P.Tor.Botti 34 A. all these elements.

12 Uhr
Andreas Winkler, Berkeley "Crocodile Priests Collecting Cash - Revenues and the Temple in Roman Tebtunis"
I will discuss two fragmentary Demotic receipts from the first and second centuries AD issued by the priests of Soknebtunis. The older of the two texts is a bilingual receipt for 'Greek' reeds from the reign of Augustus. The other receipt concerns the so-called 'temple-tax' on property transfer, which offers interesting variants on the other texts of this kind published thus far. Despite their incomplete state of preservation, the two texts provide new insights into the organisation of the fiscal regime of  the Tebtunis temple in the two first centuries of Roman rule. In addition to the content of these two texts, I will also examine the identity of the priests who issued these receipts.

12.30-14.30 Uhr
14.30-ca.22 Uhr
Ausflugsfahrt ins Fränkische Weinland
Mittwoch, 03.09.2014


Moderation: Holger Kockelmann, Tübingen

9.00 Uhr
Kim Ryholt, Kopenhagen "A collection of unique biographical texts on a papyrus"
During recent excavations in the dump next to the temple of Soknebtunis, a number of fragments of a papyrus inscribed with a collection of unique biographical texts were found. My talk will give details of the extraordinary personal details that emerge from the extant biographies and discuss the purpose of the collection.

9.30 Uhr                           
Maha Akeel, Kairo "Two Demotic Accounts from Nag' El-Mashaykh"
Two demotic ostraca belong to the collections of the Egyptian museum in Cairo and probably date to the Ptolemaic period. Their provenance is the site of Nag' El-Mashaykh, supposed to be the present location of the administrative capital of the eighth Upper Egyptian Thinite nome (T3-Wr). The first of which, limestone fragment, is an account starts with a title followed by unspecified amounts given in certain days for priestly and religious purposes. The other, potsherd, represents an account introduced by a heading, then occur amounts of different materials (barely, oil seeds) given for certain persons in certain days. The scribal features of the latter suggest certain relations with the site of Kom El-Sultan (Abydos)

10 Uhr
Tina Di Cerbo/Richard Jasnow, Chicago "Progress Report on the Documentation of Demotic Graffitti Pertaining to the Ibis and Falcon Cult from Dra Abu Naga'a"
The Spanish-Egyptian Mission headed by Dr. Jose Galan has been active at Dra Abu Naga'a since 2002. Focusing on the Tombs of Djehuty (TT119 and Hery (TT12), they have revealed numerous Demotic graffiti associated with the Ibis and Falcon Cult based there in the Ptolemaic Period. Some of these graffiti are "new", others had already been published as hand copies in Marquis of Northampton, W. Spiegelberg, and P. Newberry, Report on Some Excavations in the Theban Necropolis During the Winter of 1898-9 (London, 1908), 19-25 ("The Demotic Inscriptions"). Our collaboration with the Spanish-Egyptian Misssion, which naturally has emphasized cleaning, conservation, and documentation, has given to us an excellent opportunity to reevaluate Spiegelberg's editions and to reconsider the significance of the corpus as a whole. In this lecture we present some of the results of our project.

10.30 Uhr

10.50 Uhr
Joachim F. Quack, Heidelberg "Project presentation: A corpus of demotic magical texts"
Recently, I have launched a project to re-edit all known demotic magical texts, as well as to include as much unpublished material as possible in order to form a corpus which can serve as a counter-part to the well-known collections of Greek-language sources in PGM and SM: however it is planned to pay more attention to the structure of the manuscripts and give more commentary than it was done in PGM. The presentation will discuss some questions related to the project and indicate some first results. This concerns applying the term "magical" as well as the choice of texts to be included or excluded from the corpus. Also, problems of the historical development and the relation to earlier Egyptian as well as Greek and other traditions will be tackled. It will be demonstrated that the writing of magical texts in demotic script started much earlier than it is generally assumed and that some textual traditions span a very long time. Also, "demotic" magic is far from homogenous, and its supposed difference from earlier Egyptian magic is by no means universal to all attested cases.

11.20 Uhr
Kirsten Dzwiza, Heidelberg "Neuedierung des großen demotischen Papyrus London-Leiden"
Im Rahmen eines dreijährigen Forschungsprojekts am Ägyptologischen Institut der Universität Heidelberg werden die beiden zusammengehörenden Papyri P.BM 10070 und P.Leiden I 383 vollständig neu ediert. Bei dieser auch als PGM XIV/pdm xiv bekannten Schriftrolle mit einer Größe von ca. 24x500cm handelt es sich um die derzeit größte bekannte demotische Praxissammlung. Sie umfasst 1254 Zeilen davon 27 in Griechisch und 1227 in Demotisch, mit rund 100 unterschiedlichen Praxisanleitungen, darunter Offenbarungs-, Heil- und Schutzpraxen ebenso wie Schadenspraxen. Die Datierung ist umstritten und wird entweder ins 2., eventuell frühes 3. Jahrhundert, oder ins 4. Jahrhundert verortet, wobei unter Ägyptologen die frühe Datierung präferiert wird. Sprachlich, schriftlich, strukturell und inhaltlich weisen die einzelnen Anleitungen bisweilen große Unterschiede auf. Die einzige vollständige Publikation, inklusive Umzeichnung und Transkription, kurzer Anmerkungen und umfangreiche Indices, ist von Francis LL. Griffith und Herbert Thompson aus den Jahren 1904-05. Eine Detailuntersuchung wie auch eine vergleichende Untersuchung auf der Grundlage hochaufgelöster Photographien und der Originale steht bis heute aus. Diese Lücke will das neue Projekt schließen. Wieviel Potential in dem Papyrus noch verborgen liegt, soll anhand ausgewählter Beispiele veranschaulicht werden. Hierzu werden inhaltliche, grammatikalische und strukturelle Neuerkenntnisse vor- und zur Diskussion gestellt. Finanziert wird das Projekt durch Leibnizpreis-Mittel von Joachim F. Quack, der auch Projektleiter ist.

11.50 Uhr
Cary J. Martin, London "Jigsaw Puzzles in the Bibliothèque nationale de France"
There are more than thirty demotic papyri belonging to the funerary-workers of the Memphite Necropolis, but nearly all of these are from the Archive of the God's Seal-bearers and only four come from that of the Choachytes. The recent identification of further texts in the Bibliothèque nationale de France, however, has nearly doubled the number of texts from the Choachytes' Archive. At first sight these papyri look to be substantial, albeit incomplete, texts, but all is not as it seems. This paper looks at these new papyri, some of the unusual and unexpected information they contain, as well as their contribution to our understanding of the community of funerary-workers at Memphis in the early Ptolemaic Period.

12.20-14 Uhr        

Moderation: Alexandra von Lieven, Berlin

14 Uhr
Rana Sérìda, Kopenhagen "New Inaros Story"
The paper presents a new Inaros story from the Tebtunis temple library in Fayoum. The manuscript (PSI inv. D66) is mainly housed in Florence, in Istituto Papyrologico 'G. Vitelli', with only a few fragments in Copenhagen, in the Papyrus Carlsberg collection. It is one of the longest extant manuscripts so far identified (over 500 fragments), which concerns the living Inaros. I will present preliminary information about the text, the characters involved in the story, as well of the themes that I have so far been able to distinguish.

14.30 Uhr                      
Deborah Vignot-Kott, Paris "Dans ce monde, il n'y a a rien d'assuré que la mort et les impôts"
Dans ce monde, il n'y a rien d'assuré que la mort et les impôts
Le corpus des ostraca démotique d'Edfou contient un dossier homogène concernant la taxe de la nécropole. Il est daté du règne de Ptolémée II et composé de recus de taxes délivrés à Nespakhy fils de Pasas (23 ostraca) et à Petepsegne fils de Thotortaios (4 ostraca).
Michel Malinine a publié 21 de ces ostraca conservés à l'IFAO en 1961 dans les Mélanges Mariette. En 1990 Ola el-Aguizy y a ajouté un document conservé au musée du Caire. En reprenant l'étude des ostraca apollonopolitains de l'IFAO dans le cadre de ma thèse, j'ai identifié 5 nouveaux texts appartenant à cet ensemble.
La présentation de ces inédits et la reprise de l'ensemble du dossier, ainsi que des comparaisons avec des taxes de provenances différentes, permettront une meilleure compréhension des taxes funéraires à Edfou à l'époque algide.

15 Uhr        
Günter Vittmann, Würzburg, "Demotische Ostraka aus Assiut"
Bei den Arbeiten der joint mission der Universitäten Mainz und Sohag in der Nekropole von Assiut wurden in den letzten Jahren im sog. "Hundegrab" ungefähr 60 demotische Ostraka aus dem 2. Jh. v.Chr. entdeckt. Dabei handelt es sich zum großen Teil um Abrechnungen (Bier, Olivenöl, Wein, Weizen) und Namenlisten. Ein eindeutiger thematischer Zusammenhang mit den Hundebestattungen ist derzeit nicht klar zu erkennen, es gibt aber philologische Indizien, die auf einen Zusammenhang der Ostraka bzw. zumindest eines Teils davon mit den Aktivitäten einer Kultgemeinschaft, zu deren Aufgaben auch die Bestattung heiliger Tiere gehörte, deuten.

15.30-15.50 Uhr                                                     

Soknopaiu Nesos

Moderation: Kim Ryholt, Kopenhagen

15.50 Uhr
Carolin Arlt, Würzburg, "Tax Farming and Monopolies in Ptolemaic Soknopaiou Nesos"
The farming out of taxes and monopolies is a well-known feature of the Greek administration in Ptolemaic Egypt. The rights to these were sold at public auctions, which began with the submission of written bids. Only two actual bids are preserved in the Greek papyri and none in Demotic Egyptian, which is not surprising since the whole procedure was derived from Greek administrative practices. There are, however, fifteen Demotic offers to take over monopolies or dependent sanctuaries from the main temple in Dime/Soknopaiou Nesos that all date roughly to the second half of the 2nd cen. BCE. In this paper, I shall examine these important texts, as they are the only documents that inform us about the procedure in an Egyptian temple, which was similar to that of the royal administration. One of the questions I try to answer is what it means to take over a dependent sanctuary. I will also discuss other texts that document tax farming and the sale of monopolies in Soknopaiou Nesos.

16.20 Uhr
Marie-Piere Chaufray, Bordeaux, "Oil expenses in the temple of Soknopaios"

16.50 Uhr
Sandra L. Lippert, Montpellier "Le village de Dionysias au Fayoum et ses relations avec Soknopaiou Nésos"
Le village de Dionysias, en démotique P3-tmy-n-m3y - situé dans la méris de Thémistos-, est mentionné avec une fréquence étonnante dans des textes documentaires provenant du temple de Soknopaiou Nésos qui, pour sa part, relève de la méris d'Hérakleides. Dans cette communication, on cherchera à éclaircir les liens qui existaient entre ces deux villages, essentiellement entre ses temples et leurs clergés, depuis l'époque ptolémaique jusqu'à au moins le 2e siècle de notre ère.

19.30 Uhr
Weinprobe am Würzburger Stein
Donnerstag, 04.09.2014

Ägypten im internationalen Kontext

Moderation: Francois Gaudard, Chicago

9.30 Uhr                                        
Alejandro Botta "Aramaic and Demotic Legal Terms/Formulae and their Mesopotamian Equivalents"
Previous studies by Porten (1992) and Botta (2013,2014) have presented forty Demotic/Aramaic parallel legal terms/formulae. Ritner (2002) and Botta (2009), set some of those legal terms/formulae within the legacy of the ancient Egyptian legal tradition. Building upon the previous research of Muffs (1969), Cussini (1993), Gross (2008) and others, and my own ongoing research project, "A Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Legal Terms and Formulae," this paper places the Aramaic/Demotic legal terms and formulae in their wider ancient Near Eastern context, adding the relevant Mesopotamian parallels. The resulting data provides evidence of both continuity and innovation within the ancient Near Eastern use of technical legal terminology. At the same time, it offers the material necessary for the comparative study of ancient Near Eastern formulae, and the investigation of interaction and influence amongst the legal traditions of the ancient near East.

Chaufray, Marie-Pierre (Bordeaux)
(no abstract)

10 Uhr
Emily Cole, Berkeley "Commentary in Graeco-Roman Texts"
 In 1995, an important conversation concerning the use of commentary in Egyptian sources was begun by Jan Assmann and Ursula Rößler-Köhler in the edited volume Text und Kommentar. In their work, the authors raised questions regarding the nature of exegetical commentary, using Pharaonic materials, including Coffin Text 335 and Book of the Dead 17, to support their claims. It was noted, though not discussed at length, that several Graeco-Roman texts also included commentary. In this paper, I will return to this conversation and extend it to include later sources. In particular, I will outline the essential relationship between translation of different Egyptian language phases and scribal practices for commenting on texts. Several works such as P. BM  10252, the so-called Book of Nut, P. Rhind I and II, and late examples of the Book of the Dead will be referenced. By examining the material appended to source texts, I will attempt to demonstrate how Egyptian scribes used both translation and commentary as compositional tools in their linguistic endeavors.

10.30 Uhr
Eugene Cruz-Uribe, Indiana "Demotic Graffitti from Philae"
This short paper will look at a series of Demotic graffiti found at the temples of Isis on Philae Island. The author has spent a number of visits to the Isis temple where he has examined a large new corpus of Demotic graffiti which numbers almost 500 items. While many oft the graffiti are small, short texts, there are a number of substantive items found in all areas oft the temple. I will also discuss a number of new editions of texts first published by F. Ll. Griffith in his Catalogue of the Demotic Inscriptions from the Dodecaschoenus (1937). The Demotic texts reveal a great deal of information on the interactions of the Nubian groups south of Aswan and the complex interactions between them and the Roman/Byzantine rulers in the area. The paper will address the notion of who were the authors of these graffiti and why they wrote.

11 Uhr

Moderation: Willy Clarysse, Leuven

11.30 Uhr
Renate Fellinger, Cambridge "The legal role of women in Ptolemaic Thebes: A case study of cross-cultural influence"
The Ptolemaic dynasty created a 'hybrid state', incorporating Graeco-Macedonian traditions and Egyptian customs, in order to legitimize their rule and to foster relationships with constituencies from both backgrounds. In the legal sphere, this resulted in the co-existence of Greek and Egyptian legal instruments and institutions. Egyptians, Greeks and ethnic minorities, such as Jewish communities, lived alongside each other; cross-cultural interaction and, subsequently, influence was inevitable.
In his Marriage and Matrimonial Property in Ancient Egypt, P.W. Pestman (1961:184) proposed that the role of women degraded due to the influence of Greek law. This paper questions this hypothesis by examining the participation of women in the legal landscape of Ptolemaic Egypt as reflected in Theban documents for money. Key indicators of the legal role of women (for example, the ability to act independently vs. requiring a male guardian) as identified in pharaonic and Classical/Hellenistic Greek sources will be reviewed. Then the legal role of women as portrayed in the dataset will be analyzed through statistical and comparative means. This study forms part of my doctoral research which aims to determine the extent to which Greek legal traditions may have influenced the role of women as reflected in demotic legal practices.

12.00 Uhr
Steve Vinson, Indiana "Moses, Mumbo Jumbo, and the Secret Keys to Universal Power: the "First Tale of Setne Khaemwas" and African-American Egyptomania, 1939-1988"
Studies of the reception of the Demotic "First Tale of Setne Khaemwas" have typically focused on its resonance with Gothic and horror fiction, or its adaptation by mid-Twentieth-century European novelists like Mika Waltari or Thomas Mann. The place of "First Setne" in the African-American reception of ancient Egypt in the same period has hardly been touched on, but it is extensive. Via the translation that had appeared in Flinders Petrie's anthology of Egyptian tales (1895),  "First Setne" was adapted by Harlem Renaissance author Zora Neale Hurston in her novel Moses: Man of the Mountain (1939). In this novel, Naneferkaptah is replaced by Moses, who hopes to use the power of the Magic Mook of Thoth to free the Hebrew slaves of Egypt. Moses:Man of the Mountain was itself adapted and parodied by MacArthur Fellowship-winning author Ishmael Reed in his novel Mumbo Jumbo (1971), in which the Magic Book of Thoth is the object of competing searches in 1920s-era Harlem. "First Setne" also figures - albeit indirectly-  in the scholarship of Harvard University theorist of African-American literature Henry Louis Gates. Via his analysis (1988) of Reed's Mumbo Jumbo, Gates suggests resonances between "First Setne" and Plato's "Phaidros" and its myth of the invention of hieroglyphs by Thoth - a connection that had been made even more explicitly in the 1970s by Jacques Derrida, and which brings us back to Egyptological interpretations of "First Setne", particularly its resonances with the historic "Book of Thoth".

Friday, August 29, 2014

K. Blouin, Triangular Landscapes: Environment, Society, and the State in the Nile Delta under Roman Rule (OUP 2014)

Triangular Landscapes Environment, Society, and the State in the Nile Delta under Roman Rule 
Katherine Blouin
Oxford University Press
Oxford Studies in the Roman Economy 
464 pages | Five figures, five maps, 28 tables, and 14 halftones | 216x138mm

Offers the first historical case study dedicated to an area of the Nile Delta under Roman rule Situates Roman-period Mendesian evidence within a broader chronological and geopolitical context Engages with concepts, methods, and data that stem from papyrology, archaeology, Egyptology, geomorphology, and ethnology 

Between the Roman annexation of Egypt and the Arab period, the Nile Delta went from consisting of seven branches to two, namely the current Rosetta and Damietta branches. For historians, this may look like a slow process, but on a geomorphological scale, it is a rather fast one. How did it happen? How did human action contribute to the phenomenon? Why did it start around the Roman period? And how did it impact on ancient Deltaic communities? This volume reflects on these questions by focusing on a district of the north-eastern Delta called the Mendesian Nome. 

 The Mendesian Nome is one of the very few Deltaic zones documented by a significant number of papyri. To date, this documentation has never been subject to a comprehensive study. Yet it provides us with a wealth of information on the region's landscape, administrative geography, and agrarian economy. Starting from these papyri and from all available evidence, this volume investigates the complex networks of relationships between Mendesian environments, socio-economic dynamics, and agro-fiscal policies. Ultimately, it poses the question of the 'otherness' of the Nile Delta, within Egypt and, more broadly, the Roman Empire. Section I sets the broader hydrological, documentary, and historical contexts from which the Roman-period Mendesian evidence stem. Section II is dedicated to the reconstruction of the Mendesian landscape, while section III examines the strategies of diversification and the modes of valorization of marginal land attested in the nome. Finally, section IV analyses the socio-environmental crisis that affected the nome in the second half of the second century AD. Readership: For scholars and students with an interest in the Egyptian economy in the Roman period.