What's New in Papyrology

Recent publications of papyri & ostraca 4th BC-8th AD; conferences, lectures etc. from Papy-L and other sources as noted. gregg.schwendner AT wichita.edu

Wednesday, November 26, 2014

R. Mazza reports on The Provenance of the London Sappho

from Robert Mazza's, Faces & Voices 

"Full information on the acquisition history of the new Sappho fragments will be given by Dirk Obbink in a forthcoming article in ZPE. An entire session at the American Philological Association/Archaeological Institute of America annual meeting in New Orleans (Session 5, 9th January 2015) will be devoted to the new Sappho poems: the first paper by Obbink will address, among others, issues of provenance, as you can read from the program. The fragments do not come from mummy cartonnage, as previously written by Obbink in his TLS article, but from book binding cartonnage; their provenance is documented, and proofs that they were out of Egypt before 1972. The book binding was dismounted before the papyri were studied and then published respectively by Dirk Obbink (P.Sapph. Obbink) and by S. Burris, D. Obbink, and J. Fish (P.GC. 105)"

Sunday, November 23, 2014

Papyrology at the SBL: Issues of Provenance

Archaeology of Religion in the Roman World
4:00 PM to 6:30 PM
Room: 204 A (Level 2 (Indigo)) - Hilton Bayfront (HB)
Theme: Issues of Provenance 
This session will consist of a panel of speakers addressing the ethical and scholarly issues concerning the presentation and publication of unprovenanced artifacts.
Christine Thomas, University of California-Santa Barbara, Presiding (10 min)

Daniel Schowalter, Carthage College, Presiding (10 min)

Timothy Potts, The J. Paul Getty Museum
 Publishing and Provenance: Museums, Collectors, and Scholars (30 min)
This presentation addresses the evolution during the past twenty years of U.S. museum practice and policy regarding the collecting of antiquities, and the parallel debate over the ethics of publishing “unprovenanced” (or “poorly provenanced”) artefacts and inscriptions. Central to these discussions has been the question of a nexus between acquiring (whether by museums or individuals) and publishing such material on the one hand, and the ongoing looting of sites in crisis regions like Iraq and Syria on the other; and whether, assuming such a nexus can be demonstrated, it outweighs the scholarly responsibility to record and make accessible important new data.

Roberta Mazza, University of Manchester 
Papyri, Collections, and the Antiquities Market: A Survey and Some Questions (30 min)
In recent years the publication and in some cases public exhibition of papyri, originally from Egypt, transmitting glamorous lost ancient texts, have stirred polemics on their provenance and acquisition circumstances. The Artemidorus papyrus, the Gospel of Judas codex, the so-called Jesus wife papyrus, and more recently the London Sappho papyrus and the Green collection papyri have been presented in the media as surrounded by an allure of mystery, which has intrigued the wider audience, but in fact has more to do with the scarcity or quality of information given on their purchase. The aim of this paper is to provide a wider context for these famous cases. I will survey post-1951 (the year of the issue of the Egyptian law n. 215 on the protection of antiquities) acquisitions of papyri by both private collectors and public institutions in order to discuss questions and problems relating in particular to three areas: public access to data on the acquisition of papyri, publication and professional association policies, and academics’ communication with the media.

Michael Peppard, Fordham University
, Mosaics from a Fifth-Century Syrian Church (30 min)
In late 2013 Fordham University (New York) acquired through donation group of nine mosaics from the heir of a private collector. Under the curatorship of Jennifer Udell and the directorship of Gregory Waldrop, the mosaics are to be installed in the Fordham Museum of Greek, Etruscan and Roman Art. On this panel, I will explain the provenance work that I did during the summer and fall of 2013 on behalf of our museum, prior to acceptance of the donation, which led to more detailed understanding of the ancient and modern histories of these mosaics. To the extent permitted by my university’s legal counsel, I will summarize the legal due diligence performed by our lawyers, through independent expert counsel, and my own correspondence with senior colleagues abroad. Finally, I will describe lessons learned about the publicization of new acquisitions and the interacting roles of “new” and “old” media in the process.

Douglas Boin, Saint Louis University, Respondent (15 min)

David Trobisch, The Museum of the Bible (Green Collection), Respondent (15 min)
Discussion (10 min)

In the News: Candida Moss, "Dismembering History: The Shady Online Trade in Ancient Texts"

The Daily Beast 11/23/14

Monday, November 17, 2014

K.A. Worp, S.Torallas edd., Tovar, Greek papyri from Montserrat (P.Monts.Roca IV)

Greek papyri from Montserrat (P.Monts.Roca IV)
per Worp, Klaas A.    Torallas Tovar, Sofía    
 ISBN: 978-84-9883-700-1 
 Data de publicació: 01/09/2014 
 Nombre de pàgines: 384 
 Format: llibre 
 Col·leció: Scripta Orientalia 
 Matèria: Història Antiga 
 PVP : 28.00 €

Wednesday, November 12, 2014

CALL FOR PAPERS: The Second International Conference on Christian Egypt, CAIRO

Call for papers
1st Circular
The Second International Conference on Christian Egypt

Historiography in Christian Egypt 284-641 AD.:
Historical, Ecclesiastical, Documentary, and Archaeological Evidence
Ain Shams University, Cairo, 5th -7th May 2015

Dear colleague(s),
I have the pleasure to invite you to attend the conference “Historiography in Egypt 284-641 AD.: Historical, Ecclesiastical, Documentary, and Archaeological Evidence " which will be held on 5th – 7th May 2015 and will be organized by History Dept., Faculty of Arts, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt in collaboration with “The Annual Symposium of Medieval History, Ain Shams University”.
The organizing committee will cover 4 days accommodation (breakfast and lunch), transfer from and to the Airport, and file of the conference. We will arrange also a for free tourist tour during the days of the conference. The accommodation will be at the Guest House (Dār al-Dyāfah) of the university (single or double rooms with bath).
The themes of the conference are:
- The historical writings on Egypt.
- The ecclesiastical history of Egypt.
- The literary and papyrological sources.
- Archaeological Evidence.

The Scholarly Committee of the Conference:
Prof. Dr. Cornelia Römer
Prof. Dr. Vassilios Christides
Prof. Dr. Pablo Argárate
Dr. Eleni Pachoumi
Prof. Dr. Muhammad Ibrahim
Prof. Dr. Ishaac Ebied
Prof. Dr. Sayyed M. Omar
Prof. Dr. Wesam A. Farag
Prof. Dr. Zbida M. Atta

The Organizing committee of the Conference:
General Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Abdel-Razek M. Barakat  (Dean of the Faculty)
Executive President: Prof. Dr. Tarek M. Muhammad (Vice-Dean of the Faculty)
Advisors: Prof. Dr. Mustafa Mortada (Vice-Dean of the Faculty)
                 Prof. Ibrahim M. Gendi
                 Prof. Dr. Mahasen el-Waqaad
Dr. Abdul Aziz M. Ramadan
Secretary: Samer Qandil and Omar Imam
Fees of the conference are 200 $ for non Egyptian scholars, which have to be paid before the conference or during the registration in the morning of the first day of the conference, 350 EP for the Egyptian scholars, and 250 EP for the minor researchers and MA-PH.D students.
A 250-300 words abstract must be sent by 25th December 2014 and the complete papers by 1st  May 2015 .
Languages of the conference are Arabic and English.
Contacts: Professor Dr. Tarek M. Muhammad, chairman of the conference and Vice-Dean of the Faculty of Arts, e.mail: tarekmansoureg@yahoo.com and Mr. Omar Imam, secretary of the conference:  merosh2000@yahoo.com  
1-All the papers will be published by Cambridge Scholars Publishers in one volume.
2Participants who would like to stay many days in Cairo after the conference, we can arrange their staying in the Guest House of the university at their expense with the same price of the conference.
Participants who will not stay in the Guest House of the university, we advise them to stay in the hotel of Triumph, Heliopolis (4 Stars). http://www.hotelscombined.ae/Hotel/Triumph_Hotel.htm

Executive President of the conference

Prof. Dr. Tarek M. Muhammad
Vice-Dean of the faculty of Arts
Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.

Saturday, November 01, 2014

ZPE 192 (2014)

Abascal, J. M., Inscripciones romanas de Cuenca, Toledo y Valencia (Hispania citerior,conventus Carthaginiensis) ... 303

Abascal, J. M. – Schmidt, M. G., Carmen epigráfi co y fragmentos de inscripciones funerarias de Gades ... 108

Aly, Sh. A., Eight Greek Ostraca from the Egyptian Museum in Cairo ... 193

Balamoshev, C., Short List of Kitchen Utensils and a Bag of Papyrus Rolls ... 2

Bathrellou, E., On Menander Epitrepontes 693–701 and 786–823 ... 63

Benaissa, A., Three Roman-Period Papyri in the Beinecke Library 209

Blänsdorf, J., Das Verfl uchungstäfelchen aus Gelduba (Gellep bei Krefeld) Grab 5486 ... 181

Dana, D., Diplôme militaire de l’an 160 pour l’armée de la Mésie Inférieure découvert à Tegulicium/Vetren, près de Durostorum ... 293

Das, A. R., Reevaluating the Authenticity of the Fragments from Galen’s On the Medical Statements in Plato’s Timaeus (Scorialensis graec. Φ-III-11, ff. 123r–126v) ... 93

Diethart, J., Onomastische Lesefrüchte aus PSIonline ... 192

Eck, W. – Pangerl, A., Neue Diplome für die Truppen von Moesia superior und inferior ... 215

Eck,- Pangerl, A,.Das vierte Diplom für die Provinz Galatia et Cappadocia, ausgestellt im Jahr 99 ... 238

Ferrari, F., Saffo e i suoi fratelli e altri brani del primo libro ... 1

Ful, Ş. D. – Sørensen, S. L., An archisynagogos in Pontos ... 176

Gradel, I., A New Fragment of Copy A of the Senatus Consultum de Cn. Pisone Patre ... 284

Günther, W., Analecta Didymea ... 159

Hagedorn, D., Bemerkungen zu Urkunden ... 187

Iglesias Gil, J. M. – Saquete Chamizo, J. C., Una placa votiva de bronce y el genio municipal de Regina (Hispania Baetica) ... 297

Isépy, P. – Primavesi, O., Helladios und Hesychios. Neues zum Text der Bibliotheke des Photios (Cod. 279) ... 121

Jones, C. P., Apuleius, Corinth, and Two Epigrams from Nemea ... 115

Jones, A “New Hero” at Attea (Mysia) ... 156

Kakoschke, A., Ammossa – nicht Andossa. Neulesung einer Grabinschrift aus Lauterecken/Germania superior ... 291

Łajtar, A. – Żelazowski, J., Le nuove iscrizioni provenienti da Scodra (Albania) e il nuovo v(ir) e(gregius) ducenarius ... 273

Lora, S. – Visonà, P., Lost and Found: CIL V, 3118 and 3211. Two Funerary Inscriptions from the Agno River Valley (Northwestern Veneto, Italy) ... 247

Lott, J. B., Two Funerary Inscriptions from Rome now at Vassar College in New York ... 287

Mason, H. C., Arktos and Akrios. The Shield of Herakles and the François Vase ... 29

Mirończuk, A., A Papyrus Fragment of the Iliad at Berkeley ... 20

Oller Guzmán, M., La carta de Dionisio – un nuevo testimonio del comercio griego norpóntico ... 169

Pachoumi, E., φυσικαὶ πυρὸς ἀρχαί or φύσι καὶ πυρὸς  ρχή in the Hymn To Helios (PGM IV.939–948)? ... 104

Pajón Leyra, I., The Order of the Seven Greatest Islands in the Laterculi Alexandrini (P.Berol. 13044r) ... 85

Poux, M., Pinselaufschrift mit Kolonistennamen auf massaliotischer Weinamphore der Frühkaiserzeit (Saint-Laurent-d’Agny, F) ... 257

Saquete Chamizo, J. C. – Iglesias Gil, J. M., Una placa votiva de bronce y el genio municipal de Regina (Hispania Baetica) ... 297

Schmidt, M. G., Municipium Flavium Olaurense. Eine neue Inschrift aus Lora de Estepa ... 301

Schmitt, R., Zum Namen eines ephesischen Münzbeamten ... 167

Spelman, H., Alcman 3 PMGF and Horace C. 2.8 ... 23

Spelman, H., Zeus and the Maidens: Pindar Fr. 94b.31–7 ... 31

Starkey, J. S., Aristophanes, Apollodorus, and the Dionysian Actors’ Contest ... 45

Tarpin, M., La lex rivi Hiberiensis: une restitution graphique de l’incipit ... 265

Tentori Montalto, M., La stele dei caduti della tribù Erechtheis dalla villa di Erode Attico a Loukou – Eva Kynourias (SEG LVI 430): la datazione e l’epigramma ... 34

Veneciano, G., The Structure of the Legal Norm in Archaic Greece: A Case Study (IvO 7) ... 143

Xenophontos, S., Xenophon, Memorabilia IV.1.4–5 ... 59

Zago, G., Intorno a un passo del De Stoicis di Filodemo (PHerc. 339, col. XVIII,11–15 Dorandi) ... 89

Thursday, October 30, 2014




Inscriptiones Creticae "Latsidae Kerami" Antri, I.Cret.LKA
with a speleological presentation by Kostas Foteinakis and Kaloust Paragamian

TYCHE Supplementband 8 (Englisch) 

112 Seiten | 170 x 240 mm | Softcover | EUR 55,00 | ISBN: 978-3-902976-08-6 | Erscheinungstermin: September 2014

The existence of ancient graffiti on the walls of caves is a rare and important discovery. The Graffiti in the cave "Latsida ston Keramo" are c. 2000 years old. The volume is the edition of a series of graffiti from a remote cave in Crete. The cave "Latsida ston Keramo" was not well known and was difficult to locate. Although there were reports of archaeological findings on the surface, no official archaeological work has ever been undertaken.
The introduction to this volume is divided into two chapters. The first one contains a collection of the described or published Greek inscriptions incised into or written  on the walls, either inside or in the entrances, of natural caves and caverns dated from the fifth century B.C. to the sixth century A.D. The second chapter is an English translation of a paper published in Greek by the speleologists K. Foteinakis and K. Paragamian in the third Pancretan Speleological Symposium. This is included as it will help the reader to understand the natural underground space and environment of the cave.
The graffiti are incised or scratched into or written on the flowstones, the walls, the stalagmites or the columns of the cave. About 40 names, masculine or feminine, appear. None of the bearers of the names can be identified with a certain person known from other Cretan inscriptions or literature. The possible origin of the identifiable names in the cave is Crete (mostly cities of the eastern Crete), but other areas, e.g. Thessaly, Boeotia and the Aegean islands, should not be excluded. Based on the internal evidence and the palaeographical details a date that could be assigned to these graffiti is from the first century B.C. until the end of the second century or early third century A.D.
The people who inscribed these names were either natives or migrants, who found themselves in this area of Crete for a certain purpose, and found a good reason to spend some time visiting this remote place. They might have been local farmers or/and shepherds or travelers or/and traders or people who were trying to escape from their social condition within the community and/or from its laws, who found shelter in this cave. If the graffiti (or some of the graffiti) are dated to the Hellenistic period in Crete, a second possibility is that all these men could have been members of a garrison or a patrol whose duty was to protect the countryside or the roads from "enemies" or "outsiders". The third possibility concerns the well-known ritual kidnapping of young boys by adults, which has been recorded by Ephorus (cited by Strabo).

Table of Contents:
Preface - Acknowledgements
01. Introduction -  Greek inscriptions on the walls of natural caves and cave-shelters dating from the Classical to the early Byzantine period. Speleological presentation of the cave "Latsida ston Keramo” (Kostas Foteinakis and Kaloust Paragamian)
02. The Location of the Inscriptions in the Cave
03. General Observations on the Inscriptions
04. The Text-Forms
05. Chronology
06. Function
07. Hands and Scribes
08. Grammar
09. Transcription, Translation and Commentary
10. Bibliography
11. Indexes

Nikos Litinas is employed in the Workshop of Papyrology and Epigraphy in the Department of Philology, University of Crete. His publications vary from editions of documentary and literary papyri, ostraca and tablets to editions of notations on vessels and inscriptions. He is also a speleologist and is engaged in researching graffiti in the caves.

Geens, K., Panopolis, a Nome Capital in Egypt in the Roman and Byzantine Period (ca. AD 200-600)

Karolien Geens, Panopolis, a Nome Capital in Egypt in the Roman and Byzantine Period (ca. AD 200-600)  Leuven 2014 [= Diss. Leuven 2007], xiii & 578 pp. (28.4 Mb), ISBN: 978-94-9060-409-7.

 TOP Special Series 
Often a PhD thesis for some reason cannot be published immediately. In the years that follow, the authors do not find the time to revise the manuscript as they wanted. This in turn causes problems because new literature appears or the evidence of new sources needs to be incorporated. As a result, the manuscript often remains unpublished and the valuable insights risk to be inaccessible and thus lost for scholarship. To prevent this, Trismegistos Online Publications have decided to open up a new 'Special Series', where valuable PhD theses or other scholarly manuscripts can be published with an ISBN number.
 Contributors can send in manuscripts in Word or PDF format to mark.depauw@arts.kuleuven.be
The editors will consult experts about the quality of the manuscript without taking into account whether it is abreast of the most recent scholarly literature or developments. ISBN: 978-94-9060-409-7 Leuven, September 2014, reprint of the Diss. Leuven 2007 Volume I
Acknowledgements I 

Table of contents. II

Introduction 1 

Chapter 1: Sources …14 <
1.1. Introduction …14
1.2. A survey of monuments and archaeological sites in the region of Akhmim  …15
1.2.1. The East bank
A. Akhmim
Pharaonic and Graeco-Roman remains
Late Antique remains
B. The Wadi Bir El-Aïn  

C. The area of El-Khazindariya 

1.2.2. The West bank 

A. The ancient village of “Athribis” 

B. The White and Red Monasteries  

The White Monastery Monastery 

C. Tell Edfa 

1.2.3. The cemeteries on the East and West banks 

A. The East bank .

The cemetery of El-Hawawish (A). 

a) Excavation history

b) Typology and topography of the tombs  

The cemetery of El-Madina (B) 

The cemetery of El-Salamuni (C)  

a) Excavation history

b) Topography and typology of the tombs 

The cemetery of Abu el-Nasr

B. The West bank 

The cemetery of El-Hagarsa 

The cemetery of Athribis/Tripheion 

a) Excavation history

b) Topography and typology of the tombs  

West cemetery of the White Monastery

The cemetery of Awlad Azz

C. Funerary objects from the Graeco-Roman cemeteries 



Mummy cases 

Mummy portraits

Funerary papyri 

D. Conclusion.

1.3. Documentary papyri …50

1.3.1. General features.

1.3.2. Late second and third century AD  

A. Reused papyri

B. Ostraca and isolated papyri .

1.3.3. Fourth century 

A. Archives

B. P.Berl.Bork

C. Isolated papyri 

1.3.4. Fifth and sixth centuries 

A. Archive of Aurelius Pachymios  

B. Isolated papyri

C. The archive of Flavius Dioskoros 

1.4. Literary papyri74

1.4.1. Classical literature 

1.4.2. Christian literary papyri 

A. Greek papyri 

B. Coptic papyri

1.4.3. The Panopolitan standard  

1.4.4. Provenance of literary papyri 

1.4.5. Archives

A. The Bodmer papyri  

B. The library of the White Monastery  

1.5. Mummy labels …85

1.5.1. General features: outward appearance, content and purpose  

1.5.2. Language

1.5.3. Date

1.5.4. Provenance 

A. Mummy labels with provenance indicated in the text . 

B. Mummy labels without indication of provenance  

1.6. Greek, Latin, Coptic inscriptions … 92

1.6.1. General features.

1.6.2. Dedications and records of visit 

1.6.3. Funerary inscriptions  

1.6.4. Other Christian inscriptions  V

1.6.5. The monument of Ptolemagrios .

A. Description.

B. Date .

C. Order of the poems 

1.7. Pachomius and Shenoute …100

1.7.1. Pachomius

1.7.2. Shenoute 

A. The “Vita Sinuthii”  



Historical value 

B. Shenoute’s literary corpus  


Canons and Discourses 

Historical value 

Chapter 2: A survey of the site …109

2.1. Introduction: geography and name …109

2.1.1. Geography

2.1.2. Name of the city: etymological and topographical remarks

2.2. A survey of the nome …112

2.2.1. Situation and extent 

2.2.2. Toparchies and pagi 

A. Toparchies 

B. Pagi

2.2.3. Settlements in the Panopolite nome 

2.3. A survey of the city …130

2.3.1. Streets, districts and quarters. 

2.3.2. From temple city to classical city  

A. A temple city: the temple(s?) of Min/Pan  

The pharaonic temple of Min (= place A)  

The temple of Min in the Ptolemaic/Roman period (= the birba?) 

B. Municipal public buildings  

C. Christian urbanisation 

2.3.3. Residential and occupational areas . 

2.3.4. Conclusion 

Chapter 3. Administration …143

3.1. Introduction: urban status – defining the city …143

3.2. The Roman period until the reign of Diocletian …145

3.2.1. Imperial government

3.2.2. Nome administration

3.2.3. Administration of the metropolis before the introduction of city councils

A. Magistracies (archai) 

B. The koinon of the archons  

C. Liturgies 

3.2.4. Administration of the metropolis after the introduction of city councils 

A. Administration of the councils  




B. The business of the councils 

Internal administration of the metropolis 

Responsibilities towards the central government  

C. A tribal structure. 

Amphodogrammateus, phylarchos and systates 

Appointment of the council president  

3.2.5. Toparchies

3.2.6. Village administration 

A. Komogrammateus and komarch 

B. Presbyteroi.

C. Police liturgists

3.2.7 Conclusion: local variation 

3.3. The reign of Diocletian …159

3.3.1. Imperial government 

3.3.2. Nome administration

A. Tax collection.

Reforms in tax assessment  

The census of AD 298-303 

New tax liturgists 

B. Supervision of annona militaris 

C. Other responsibilities  

3.3.3. Diocletian’s visit to the Panopolite nome: the strategos and the town council coping 

with an unusual situation 

A. The revolt of L. Domitius Domitianus 

B. Preparations for the imperial visit  

3.3.4. Conclusion: local variation

3.4. From the Tetrarchs until the reign of Constantine (AD 306-337) …177

3.4.1. Imperial government. 

3.4.2. Nome and city administration 

A. Traditional archai  

B. New municipal officials 




Praepositus pagi 

C. Police officials 

3.4.3. A new administrative structure: the pagus 

3.4.4. Village administration  

3.4.5. Conclusion: the character and function of the boulai in the fourth century 

3.5. From the reign of Constantius until the end of the fourth century …184

3.5.1. Imperial government 

3.5.2. Nome and city administration  

A. Leading officials  

Logistes vs. defensor civitatis 

Police officials

B. Decline of the council 

C. Tax reforms

The village as a tax unity  

Taxes in gold 

The vestis militaris 

3.6. The fifth and sixth centuries …189

3.6.1. Imperial government. 

3.6.2. Nome and city administration . 

A. Traditional administrative system  

B. New forms of control 

Pater tes poleos.

The role of bishops in urban politics  


C. Village administration. 

Chapter 4. Socio-economic history  …195

4.1. Social structures in the Roman period before AD 212  …195

4.1.1. Citizenship and privileged groups. 

A. Roman citizens 

B. Alexandrian citizens. 

C. Citizens of Greek cities  

D. Metropolitain

E. Gymnasial order. 

4.1.2. The distribution of wealth. 

A. Categories of land 

B. Landholding patterns . 

C. Landownership in the Panopolite nome . 

Inequality and gender

Large landowners  

4.1.3. The political elite.

4.1.4. Conclusion: Leading social groups in the first and second centuries 

4.2. Social structures in the third and early fourth centuries …206

4.2.1. The end of citizenship status and the emergence of a bouleutic class . 

4.2.2. The distribution of wealth 

A. Economic crisis 

B. Landed property. 

Land categories .

Landholding patterns .

Landownership in the Panopolite nome  

a) Land tenure

b) Work at a farm estate  

C. Non-landed property 

Immovable urban property: the evidence from P.Berl.Bork 

a) Composition of P.Berl.Bork 

b) P.Berl.Bork. as a source for the distribution of wealth 


Money lending 

4.2.3. Power and authority: the political elite. 

A. Defining the political elite . 

B. Councillors as the nucleus of the political elite  

The bouleutic class: a well-defined social group  

Composition of the councils. 

a) Number of councillors  

b) Admission procedure. 

c) Profile of a councillor . 

C. Social stratification among councillors . 

D. Bouleutic vs. non-bouleutic elite  

E. The burden of local prestige  

4.2.4. The priestly elite: the family of Aurelius Ammon, scholastikos . 

A. Ammon’s family

B. Economic power  

Temple income 

Private property .

a) Land and houses 

b) Slaves

C. An elite family .

4.2.5. Conclusion: leading social groups in the third and early fourth centuries . 

4.3. Social structures in the second half of the fourth until the sixth centuries …242

4.3.1. The distribution of wealth . 

A. Landholding in the fourth and first half of the fifth centuries . 

The end of the economic power of the bouleutic elite  

a) The burden of taxation. 

b) The flight of the bouleutic class . 

Changes in the pattern of landownership . 

Economic power in the Panopolite nome (late 4th – first half of the 5th century): the 

evidence from Shenoute

a) The White Monastery under the leadership of Shenoute . 

b) Shenoute’s criticism on corrupt landowners . 

c) Shenoute’s opponents: economic and religious considerations 

B. Mid fifth-sixth centuries: large estates and religious institutions . 

Provincial and imperial bureaucrats  

a) The Apion family .

b) Landowners from the Panopolite nome 

Religious institutions: churches and monasteries. 

a) The White Monastery. 

b) The monasteries of Zmin and Apa Zenobios 

c) The guest house of Apa Dios. 

Absentee landlords, business agents and middlemen . 

a) Business agents 

b) The rural oligarchy as middlemen: the evidence from Dioskoros of Aphrodito . 

4.3.2. Power and authority in a new Christian empire  

A. The end of the councils . 

B. New institutions of power. 

Geouchoi .

The Church hierarchy 

The provincial and imperial bureaucracy: the “Flavii”  

a) The provincial and imperial administration . 

b) The law court 

4.3.3. Literary culture and power: social mobility in Late Antiquity . 

A. Ammon and Harpokration . 

Ammon .


B. The grammarian’s authority  

An increased status .


C. “Wandering Poets”: Poetry as the pathway to a provincial/imperial career  



D. Conclusion: social mobility, geographical mobility and networking  

4.3.4.Conclusion: leading social groups in the fourth till sixth centuries . 

4.4. Occupational structures in the Roman and Byzantine period …276

4.4.1. Agriculture 

4.4.2. The urban economy 

A. Three sectors .

Agriculture .

Production and distribution  


B. Craft specialisation. 

C. Trade networks 

4.4.3. Craftsmen and traders in Panopolis . 

A. Textile industry.

Sources for textile production . 

Stages in textile production . 

a) (Purple) dyeing 

b) Weaving.

c) Finishing touches .


The role of Panopolis as textile centre . 

B. Gold smith’s trade 

C. Quarrying.

D. Shipbuilding .

Chapter 5. Cultural and religious transformations …307

5.1. Traditional Egyptian culture  …307

5.1.1. Principal divinities

A. The divine triad of Panopolis  


a) Min as fertility god. 

b) Min as lord of the mountains and the desert 

c) Min as king of the gods. 

Aperet-Isis – Isis – Triphis  


B. Horus 

C. Thot and Anubis 

D. Onomastics.

Popular names from Egypt . 

Popular names from the (Northern) Thebaid. 

Popular names from the Panopolite nome . 

5.1.2. Cult and priestly service . 

A. Priesthoods 

B. Cults 

Temples and the public 

Temple culture

5.1.3. Burial customs and funerary beliefs  

5.1.4. Conclusion.

5.2. Greek culture  …329

5.2.1. Greek civic culture: self-representation and urban identity of the bouleutic class . 

A. Building programs . 

B. Titles and epithets. 

C. Panhellenic games  

Herodotus’ account 

a) Perseus.

b) Games in a Greek fashion 

Reestablishment of the games in the third century AD . 

a) Pythian games 

b) An Olympic agon 

Reconstruction: and “invented tradition” 

5.2.2. Greek education 

A. Public education: the gymnasium  

B. Private education  

Stages of education: didaskalos, grammatikos and beyond . 

Villages vs. towns .

Literary papyri.

Ammon as a child of Panopolis  

a) Classical literature  

b) A rhetorical education. 

c) A philosophical education . 

5.2.3. Philosophy and poetry. 

A. Philosophy 

B. Poetry



5.3. Traditional Egyptian culture in a hellenised context  …354

5.3.1. Principal divinities

A. Min/Pan.

B. Other divinities 

5.3.2. Funerary art.

A. Decorated tombs. 

B. Mummy cases.

C. Mummy portraits. 

5.3.3. Language and script 

A. Demotic literature under Greek influence  

B. Language use in the Panopolite nome  

5.3.4. Onomastics

A. Metropolis vs. villages. 

B. Elite nomenclature  

5.3.5. The garden of Ptolemagrios and the temple of Pan-Phoibos. 

A. Religiously inspired euergetism  

B. The garden of Ptolemagrios: a temple garden  

C. Ptolemagrios’ generosity: the banquets of Phoibos  

D. A humble, laborious, philosophical way of life . 

E. Ptolemagrios as a benefactor . 

F. Conclusion 

5.3.6. Hellenism in the fourth and fifth centuries  

A. Fourth century - Aurelius Ammon, priest and scholastikos 

Temple service and Greek culture 

Ammon’s religion 

B. Fifth century - Flavius Horapollon: Neo-Platonic Hellenism as a vehicle for 

Egyptian paganism . 

Traditionalism temple service . 

a) Neo-Platonic ecumenism 

b) Egyptian wisdom.

c) Pagan holy men

d) The Hieroglyphica of Horapollon  

From local to Egyptian past  

5.4. Christianization …386

5.4.1. The Christian community before the reign of Constantine . 

A. Persecutions .

B. Martyr cult .

C. Parembole 

D. The Great Oasis . 

5.4.2. The Church from the reign of Constantine until the sixth century  

A. Onomastics .

B. Bishops and clergy 

Bishop’s sees .

Priests and deacons 

C. Ascetism, monasticism and monastic culture 

Hermitages .

Cenobitic monasticism: Pachomian monasteries  

a) “Invention” of cenobitism. 

b) The koinonia .

c) Pachomian monasteries in the region of Panopolis. 

d) The Pachomian monasteries in later periods  

(Semi-?) cenobitic monasticism: The monastery of Shenoute  

a) Pgol and Pschoi

b) The rise of a monastic leader . 

c) Life in and around the White Monastery 

d) The White Monastery in later periods 

Other monasteries in the region of Panopolis . 

a) The monastery of Abu el-Nasr 

b) The monastery in the Wadi bir el-Aïn . 

c) The parembole and the former temple of Min 

d) Apa Zenobios and the women’s convent. 

e) The xenodochion of Apa Dios. 

f) The monastery of Psinabla 

g) The monastery of Saint Psote (Psates). 

Monasteries after the sixth century. 

D. Christian literature. 

5.4.3. (Non-)orthodox Christians: a pluralist Christianity 

A. Patriarchs, councils and controversies between AD 300 and 451. 

Disciplinary matters .

Doctrinal matters .

a) The Arian controversy 

b) The Origenist controversy 

c) The Nestorian controversy. 

d) The Coptic Church: monophysitism 

Origenism in the Panopolite nome . 

Nestorianism in the Panopolite nome . 

B. Gnosticism and Manichaeism . 

A definition of Gnosticism  

Gnostic and Manichaean ideas in the Panopolite region . 

a) Zosimus the alchemist . 

b) Gnostic texts 

c) Shenoute against Gnosticism and Manichaeism . 

5.4.4. Encounters between pagans and Christians in Panopolis: a conflict?. 

A. Decline vs. continuity: Bagnall vs. Frankfurter. 

B. The religious balance in the first half of the fourth century  

C. The religious balance in the late fourth – early fifth century  

Anti-pagan imperial legislation 

Shenoute’s actions against public temples 

a) The temple of Atripe . 

b) The temple of Plevit 

c) Reuse of pagan temples. 

Shenoute’s actions against private shrines  

a) Shenoute and Gessios . 

b) Shenoute and the pagans of an unknown village 

Shenoute’s invectives against pagan gods  

Shenoute’s invectives against Greek culture. 

Christian – pagan balance: an evaluation of Shenoute’s writings . 

a) A world full of temples and pagans? 

b) Crypto-paganism 

c) A religious and socio-economic conflict

D. Conclusion: Panopolis as a hotbed of religious conflict?. 

Pagan religion.

Pagan practices 

5.4.5. Greek culture in a Christian context  

A. Traditional education .

B. Greek culture in Christian Panopolis 



Conclusion … 465

Volume II

Bibliography … 2 

Appendices … 79

Choat, M, and Gardiner, I. edd., A Coptic Handbook of Ritual Power

This volume publishes a new Coptic handbook of ritual power, comprising a complete 20 page parchment codex from the second half of the first millennium AD. It consists of an invocation including both Christian and Gnostic elements, ritual instructions, and a list of twenty-seven spells to cure demonic possession, various ailments, the effects of magic, or to bring success in love and business. The codex is not only a substantial new addition to the corpus of magical texts from Egypt, but, in its opening invocation, also provides new evidence for Sethian Gnostic thought in Coptic texts.

A Coptic Handbook of Ritual Power is the first volume in the series The Macquarie Papyri, which will publish the papyri in the collection of the Museum of Ancient Cultures, Macquarie University (Sydney, Australia).

New series: The Macquarie Papyri (P.Macq.)
The Museum of Ancient Cultures at Macquarie University, Sidney, holds a small, but important collection of some 640 papyri. These are mainly Greek texts. There are also some items written in other languages and scripts, notably Demotic and Coptic (Egyptian). Most are papyri in the strictest sense, but the collection also includes a small number of items written on ostraca, parchment, and wooden tablets. Most of the texts date from the period of the third century BC to the eighth century AD.
Private individuals are advised to order available titles direcly online, using the Brepols web shop*: www.brepols.net. If you prefer to place your order by email, please do not forget to mention the shipping address on your order, and the invoice address if that should be different. Brepols Publishers undertake to minimize costs of shipment by sending books by “non-priority mail”

XIV+146 p., 20 colour ill., + CD, 210 x 297 mm, 2013 ISBN: 978-2-503-53170-0 Languages: Coptic, English Paperback The publication is available. Retail price: EUR 65,00 excl. tax Table of Contents
List of Figures and Plates

  1. The Codex: Codicology – Palaeography, Date, and Provenance – Dialect and Orthography
  2. The Contents of the Handbook: The Invocations Text – 
    1. The Three Versions of the Invocations Text – 
    2. The Invocations Text, Sethianism, and the Practice of Ritual Power – 
    3. The List of Prescriptions – 
    4. Conspectus of Prescriptions
Text and Translation

  1. Coptic Text and Facing Translation
  2. Continuous Translation

  1. P. Lond. Copt. I 1008 (BL MS Or. 5987) (L)

  2. P. Berl. Inv. 5527 (B)

  1. Words of Egyptian Origin
Words of Greek Origin
  3. Proper Names and Words of Power
  4. Symbols and Abbreviations

Monday, October 13, 2014

Papyri Bononienses

Digitalizzazione completa della collezione di collezione di 58 papiri in lingua greca e latina di età tolemaica, romana e bizantina, acquistata nel 1930 da un antiquario del Cairo e conservati presso la Biblioteca Universitaria dell’Università di Bologna.

LECTURE: K.E. Piquette, New Advanced Digital Imaging of the Herculaneum Papyri: Recent results, future plans.

The Friends of Herculaneum Society is pleased to sponsor a lecture 
by Dr Kathryn E. Piquette, Research Associate, 
Universität of Cologne Centre for eHumanities, 
on Saturday 18 October 2014 at 16.00 in the main lecture theatre at The Ioannou Centre for Classical and Byzantine Studies, 66 St. Giles, Oxford OX13LU. 

 The title of the talk is "New Advanced Digital Imaging of the Herculaneum Papyri: Recent results, future plans." Dr Piquette has been developing a technique known as RTI (Reflectance Transformation Imaging) to assist researchers to study documentary and other artefacts remotely (online) in great detail and without being restricted by the fixed lighting angles of traditional photography and flatbed scanning, where details can be obscured by shadows. In developing the RTI system, it is hoped that high-quality digital images of inscribed artifacts, viewable from multiple light sources, can be consulted by scholars and the general public around the world. The lecture will be followed by a drinks reception. All are welcome but please rsvp if you intend coming to: [log in to unmask] An illustrated pdf with examples of the RTI technique is available here: 

cceh.uni-koeln.de cceh.uni-koeln.de cceh.uni-koeln.de -- 

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