Festschrift Guido Schepens
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Travail et loisir en Grèce ancienne
À propos de la complémentarité des activités du citoyen
37 - 61 -
Political Murder in Classical Greece
63 - 67 -
Un'oscura clausola sulla paideia dei mothakes Phylarch., FGrHist 81 F43 = Athen., 271e-f)
COBETTO GHIGGIA, Pietro
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Les identités multiples de Ptolémaios, fils de Glaukias
The recluse Ptolemaios is a well-known character of Ptolemaic Egypt. The object of this article is not to shed new light on who he was but on what he says he is, taking advantage of the relatively high number of documents composed by him. Mainly on the basis of the praescripta of the petitions addressed either to the king or to his agents, this study leads us to the following results. Almost omnipresent, the ethnic designation ‘Macedonian’ is nevertheless confined to the field of the official identity. If Ptolemaios wants to define his origin he does so geographically as a ‘man of the Heracleopolite’, and culturally as a ‘Hellene’, but not as a Macedonian. The self-definition ‘Glaukias’son’ is more complex: in some contexts, being the son of Glaukias makes Ptolemaios a soldier’s son, in others an orphan’s son who is the more vulnerable as he himself has no children. As to the identity of ‘recluse’, it appears to have the greatest importance: it is a key element of his social identity and is also used in different ways to legitimate his requests.
89 - 95 -
The Archive of Taembes, a Female Brewer in the Heracleopolite Nome
A group of nine receipts for beer tax from Hibeh in the 3rd century BC are linked by Taembes, a woman who probably functioned as a tax farmer in Talae (Heracleopolite nome). The receipts were written in double, with a short inner and a full outer text and followed by a subscription in demotic, which has thus far remained unpublished.
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Hierakapollon, the Title of Panos Polis and the Names in -Apollon
Onomastic study of theophoric names compounded with -apollon as their second element. These names are typical of Roman Egypt, especially the 2nd and 3rd centuries AD. They are both Greek and Egyptian, depending on the first part of the name. Some of them are limited to a particular part of Egypt, e.g. the Panopolite (Hierakapollon, Besapollon, Horapollon), the Hermopolite (Heraklapollon, Hermapollon) and the Arsinoite nomes (Isapollon) and illustrate the religious particularisms of Egypt up to the late Roman period.
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Persian Katoikoi in Hellenistic Smyrna
FINGERSON, Kyle R.
The ancient Greeks and Macedonians closely guarded their rights and obligations as citizens. Throughout most of their history they excluded non-Greeks or ‘barbarians’ from participating in Hellenic civic organizations. After the campaigns of Alexander, as Greco-Macedonian culture spread eastwards, we begin to see exceptions made to Hellenic civic segregation and some non-Hellenic people were conferred with civic rights in exchange for military service. During the Third Syrian War (246-241 BC), the city of Smyrna, a loyal ally of Seleucus II, arranged a treaty with its neighbor Magnesia near Mt. Sipylus. One of the conditions of the treaty was the promise of equal rights and obligations to the Greek and Persian soldiers in Magnesia as citizens of Smyrna. Beginning with the text of the inscription I. Smyrna 573 the author confirms that the Persians of the garrison in Magnesia were conferred with the same civic rights and obligations as their Hellenic counterparts. The author then proceeds to investigate the primary and secondary literature and sources to determine that the Seleucids encountered a shortage of soldiers beginning in the 3rd century and that Persians and other non-Greeks were occasionally given civic rights to meet these recruitment needs. The author’s evidence strongly suggests that Alexander and the Seleucids adopted the Achaemenid precedent of using ‘foreign’ troops to supplement their military colonies in Asia Minor. The conferment of equal civic rights and obligations to Persian κάτοικοι or military colonists insured their loyalty to Seleucus II and helped him maintain his military requirements.
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Protecting Sagalassos' Fortress of the Akra
Two Large Fragments of an Early Hellenistic Inscription (with an appendix by Marc Waelkens)
The early Hellenistic inscription found at the Pisidian city of Sagalassos, records ‘agreements and accords’ that aimed to prevent rebellions and other crimes and protect the city, especially the fortified akra (‘highest part’) and any other mountain top that was part of the defence system (e.g., the Zencirli or Zencirükin Tepe, 1784m, and the Cinçinkirik Tepe, 1900m). The akra of Sagalassos is to be identified with the fortress of the Tekne Tepe (1885m) which overlooks the city and is located directly above the upper agora, where the inscription was undoubtedly erected before it was re-used in a Byzantine building. A contemporary inscription from Teos (Ionia) produces relevant reference material, but the measures taken by the city of Sagalassos are more stringent.
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Class and Society in the Cities of the Greek East Education during the Ephebeia
This article focuses on the character and objectives of the ephebeia during the Hellenistic and Roman periods. Communis opinio holds that the post-classical ephebeia was an institution that aimed at preparing the sons of the elite for their future leading roles in the cities of the Greek East. Scholars have found confirmation of its elitist character in the downward slide of the age of admission into the ephebeia as compared to classical Athens. Its brief duration would moreover testify to the need to have their preparation completed as soon as possible. The inclusion of horse-riding on the program and the required level of intellectual education were thought to have put up barriers that excluded adolescents of lower rank. However, as I hope to show in the following, the epigraphic record does not support this sketch of the character of the post-classical ephebeia. Rather, it indicates that members were a more mixed group; that they were not particularly young and that duration of membership was flexible. Focus was on sports and moral rather than intellectual skills, with rewards given for ‘discipline’ and ‘diligence’ and ties with civic life closely knit. The purpose of creating a leading class was achieved not by exclusivity in membership, but by the establishment of an internal hierarchy amongst a wider group of participants that replicated the prevailing social structure of the cities. The ephebeia prepared both elite sons and non-aristocratic adolescents for civic life.
167 - 190 -
Apollon médecin en Étrurie
191 - 252 -
Roman Economic Growth and Living Standards Perceptions versus Evidence
253 - 263 -
Rielaborazione artistica e fedeltà concettuale in Ammiano XXVII 6.6-9 e 12-13
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Reconsidering the Date of Photius' Bibliotheca
The Biographical Tradition of Gregory the Great in Chapter 252